cross section of a space launcher (Saturn V) 
Saturn V served as the launcher for the U.S. Apollo lunar exploration program.
Includes the Apollo craft, the lunar module and the third stage; the latter, after being placed in Earth’s orbit, soars toward the Moon.
At an altitude of 92 mi, the third-stage engine begins to run, allowing the launcher to place itself in orbit before making its way toward the Moon.
At an altitude of 38.8 mi, the five second-stage engines ignite, burning for 6 min. 30 sec. before they are jettisoned.
Equipped with five F-1 engines that give the launcher the thrust it needs to leave the launchpad; jettisoned after 2 min. 30 sec. of flight.
The first stage is equipped with five; it provides thrust using kerosene-liquid oxygen combustion.
The end portion of a rocket from which combustion gases escape, thereby creating the thrust needed to propel the craft.
Fins located on either side of the launcher, serving to stabilize it.
Houses the main propulsion system and supplies energy, electricity, water and other provisions.
Capsule inhabited by the crew during most of an Apollo mission; the only part of the vehicle to return to Earth.
launch escape system
Makes it possible, in the event of damage, to separate the command module from the rest of the launcher and to pull it.